Maithili

Posted on: Saturday, Jan 1, 2011

Maithili language is mostly spoken in the eastern part of India in state of Bihar and the eastern Terai region of Nepal. It was earlier considered to be a dialect of Hindi and Bengali. However, Maithili achieved an independent language status in India in the year 2003. This could happen only because of a mass movement that called for providing Maithili an official status through its inclusion in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution so that it may be used for education, government and other purposes. It is spoken by approximately 4.5 Crore people in India. It is the 16th most spoken language in India and 40th most spoken language in the World.

History
It is said that the Maithili language is Eastern Indic in origin, thus different from Hindi which is Central Indic in origin. The name of the language is derived from the word Mithila which is said to be the ancient kingdom of Sitas father King Janaka. Though it is said that in ancient times in Mithila, Sanskrit was used by the scholars for their literary work and Maithili was the common language of the local folk. The earliest work of Maithili found till now is the Varn Ratnakar by Jyotirishwar Thakur dated about 1224 AD. However, the language got literary prominence in the medieval age when Maithili scholars like Gangesh, Padmanabh, Chandeshwar, Vireshwar, Vidyapati, Vachaspati, Pakshadhar, Ayachi, Udayan and Shankar came up with some magnificent work. The modern era of Maithili began with the invent of Maithili Theatre by Shri Kaushal Kumar Das in 1982.

Literature
Maithili has a rich literature. If you start tracing the history of Maithili literature, you will find that the most famous literary figure in Maithili was poet Vidyapati. He is responsible for elevating Maithili from the status of people’s language to one used for official work in Bihar, by impressing the maharaja of Darbhanga with his poems. Earlier, the state language used to be Sanskrit that distanced commoners from the state and its functions.

Varn Ratnakar by Jyotirishwar is probably the earliest work in Maithili literature dated at about 1224 AD. The medieval period of Maithili was during the Karnat Dynasty and litterateurs like Gangesh, Padmanabh, Chandeshwar, Vireshwar and others were famous during this period. Though poet Vidyapati was a Sanskrit scholar, he wrote many poems on Bhakti and Shringar in the Maithili language.

In fact, this language was also employed by many authors to write on humor and satire. For instance, writers like Dr Hari Mohan Jha took measures to bring about crucial changes in the ancient Mithila Culture. In fact, his renowned work ‘Khatar Kaka Ke Tarang’ is considered to be like a crown embellishing the modern Maithili literature. After the Maithali language was accepted by India’s Sahitya Academy, it has won awards almost every year. Literary works in the Maithili language have also won a number of other awards.

Writing Style and Grammar
In the very inception, Maithili used to be written in the Maithili script, which has some resemblance to the Bengali script and is also known by names like Tirhuta and Mithilakshar. Apart from this, the Maithili language was also written in the Kaithi script. However, it is the Devanagri script that is most commonly used for writing Maithili in the present times. A proposal has been drafted to preserve as well as develop the Maithili script by using it in the digital media by encoding the script in the Unicode standard. Maithili Grammar is considered to be a very standard Grammar. It is based on the based on the sutras of Sanskrit grammar of Panini.

About Mithila

Mithila is an ancient cultural region of South Nepal and North India lying between the lower ranges of the Himalayas and the Ganges River. The Nepal border cuts across the top fringe of this region. The Gandak and Kosi Rivers are rough western and eastern boundaries of Mithila. The Ramayana records a dynastic marriage between Prince Rama of Ayodhya and Sita, the daughter of Raja Janak of Mithila. The town of Janakpur, in the northern Nepali section of Mithila, is believed to be Janak's old capital.




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jyothi

February 3rd, 2011 at 11:26 am
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1

i love maithi language beacause my mother tonge is maithli but i dont know to speak properly whenever my mother speaks i simply see her face and be interest to listen it . It is so beautiful to listen it

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purushotam jha

February 5th, 2011 at 8:50 am
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2

Please you try because maithili language is the most sweet language in all over the world. Maithili is not much hard .If try then you already learn

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Sandip Ranjan

February 10th, 2011 at 11:47 am
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3

I love Mithila, my Janambhumi. I am a big admirer of Maithili language.

Jai Ho………..!!!

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Hari Shankar Mishra

April 7th, 2011 at 7:14 am
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4

To consurve maithli language .We should learn the script of mithilakshar

being a maithil it our duty to know about the glorious history of mithila
jai maithil jai mithila

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sanjay kumar jha

April 14th, 2011 at 10:17 am
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5

Mithilak sanskar lok bisari rahal chathi. Town mai apan dhiya-puta ke mathili nahi sikhbaith chathi. Mithilak pragati takhan bhai sakat achi jakhan sab lok apan bhasha, sanskriti ke apneta.

Sanjay kumar jha

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Vikash Parasar

April 26th, 2011 at 1:52 pm
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6

Aau aab hum sam milike wapas mithia darshan par chali……..mithila on line dot com dwara Jai mithila,jai maithili.jai vidyapathi

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Nitesh Mishra

April 26th, 2011 at 8:23 pm
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7

Hamra bad khusi bhel jakhan pata chala jai ki “SOBHAGYA MITHILA TV” lauche bhel lekin ekhan tak maithili TV channel kunu DTH mai add nahi bhel. Akhan aai kail jug mai 60% sa besi maithili DTH Use karait chhi lekin kona nai ka dekhab maithili cahnnel hamar atbe intejaar mai chhi kakhan maithili TV DTH mai add hoyat or hum sab maithili anand leb

Nitesh Mishra
Darbhanga

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PRAKASH KUMAR JHA

May 24th, 2011 at 10:38 am
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8

ashok jhaji ker athak prayas s sakar bhel sapna…..

mamta ke maithil par mamta atek abi gel achhi ki, 1 june s ganga sagar express me sthayi rupe 2-3 class ke AC bogi lagirahal achhi, je ki sealdah s jaynagar tak chalait achhi, ahi s kolkata me rahi rahal maithil brind me khushi ke mahol dekhal ja rahal achhi, one ekhan mamta didi mukhyamantri banla s ekar bhaar pradhan mantri lag achhi, muda sab s beshi shrey jayat achhi, mithila vikas parishad kolkata ke adhyaksh aa rajneta ashok jhaji ke ….je ahi hetu kichhu din pahine mamta didi ke gyapan dene chhalkhin…..

ashok jhaji kiyo nab nahi….hinkar karni maithili prati anekanek dekhal gel achhi, jene girish park kolkata me vidyapati ji ker murti, tarasundari park kolkata me yatri nagarjun ji ker murti, gangasagar chalabai hetu aandolan, maithili express chalabai lel aandolan, kolkata univercity me maithili bhasha ker padhai jahi lel kichhu din pahile rajyapal s bhet barta jahi me rajyapal ashwashan dene chhain… aa ekhan bhiral chhaith je maithili express ke daily aa samay paribartan hebak chahi,,, te mithila vikas parisad kolkata ker purn sanstha…je samay samay par nana prakarak karyakram aayojit karait rahait chhaith….

ahi sanstha aa hinka sambandhit bishesh jankari hetu ahi number. par…phone kari……+919831031987


Prakash Kumar Jha
Journalist

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anjani jha silliguri

June 12th, 2011 at 12:48 pm
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9

wah mithla and mathili ham anjani jha silliguri se mithla vasi ke dher sara subhkamna aur hamra samast maithli ke garv achi j ham maithil chi
jay hoooooooo mithla

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PRAKASH KUMAR JHA

June 18th, 2011 at 10:57 am
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10

http://www.vidyapatikathra.blogspot.com/

mithila maithili s jural khabari kolkata s……………dekhu prakash jha ker ee blog!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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Pramod

June 18th, 2011 at 1:47 pm
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11

Hi, Anjani………

Ham Aha k e comment sun bahut khus chhi ki akhir mithila vasi kato achhi apna mithila ka ta yad ka rahal achhi……………ham pramod chennai se-7845826003

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Hari Shankar Mishra

July 28th, 2011 at 1:29 pm
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12

Dinesh Mishra ke dwara maithili film k nirvan karvak soch sarahniy achhi
hamar subhkamna achhi je Dinesh Babu ke ahi film k madhyam s ek ta alag pahchan bhetanhi aur o mithilavashi k Hriday samrat bani k ubharathi
Mithilavashi s nivedan achhi je Dinesh babu ke mithila bhasak abvm maithili ke vikash k disha me kayal ja rahal prayash ke lel jyada s jyada protsahan diyanhi

Jai Mithila

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Hari Shankar Mishra

July 28th, 2011 at 2:05 pm
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13

Prakash Babu Dhanyawadak patra chhathi He mithilak Dularuwa saput
ahak Maa mithilesh (Jagat Janani Sita Maa) Sabta manorth pura karathi
Aha safaltak kshitij par birajman hoi Hamar e subhkamna
Aha ehina mithila bhasak prachar prasar karait rahi Maithil lokani s e agrah je Prakash Babu k mithila k prati marm ke bujhi hinkar dyara kel gel prayash ke hinkar satat sahyog kari

jai mithila jai maithili

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Rajendra Karn

July 30th, 2011 at 9:38 am
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14

Ek ta pustak ke vimochan 23 July ka bhel,Raipur chhcttisgarh me.
MITHILA KA AANCHAL autho Sri Shankar jha.(Andhra Tharhi.)
Hamar bahut shubhkamna.

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pramod k mandal

August 6th, 2011 at 4:47 am
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15

pramod.mandal76 at gmail.com

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KAMLESH PATHAK

December 9th, 2011 at 11:30 am
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16

MITHILA JAKA NAI KONO DHAM YE NAI KAHIYO HAT HUM MITHILA HUMRA APAN SANSKRITI APAN PARAMPAR PAR YE ABHIMAN JAKAR KONO BAKI SA NAI TOLNA YE HUM MAITHIL CHI MITHILA WASI PAG HAMAR PACHAN YE …….
SAB SA UPAR HAR DESH JAKAR SAB SA BAIRKAR MAAN YE …….

JAI MITHILA…….

HAR HAR MAHADEV

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विनोद

August 21st, 2012 at 1:54 pm
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17

मैथिली भाषा बड सुन्दर – खूब मिठ | मन जुड़ा जाइत छैक जहन मैथिली में वार्तालाप करैत लोग सभ के देखैत छियैएक|ई भाषा के ज्ञान -विज्ञान के भाषा के रूप में विकसित केनाई अत्यंत आवश्यक |
मिथिलाक माटी तहने न सभ के आकर्षित करतै |

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Roshni Jha

September 9th, 2012 at 9:02 am
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18

Humra seho apan maithili bhasha bahut nik lagaiy, muda ki karu yat rahalak bad me ta, yena lagaiy ki hum aap kahiyo maithil bajab ki nahi, hum bahut apan mithila or maithili bhasha dunu ke yaad ka rahal chhi aie pardesh me.
JAI MITHILA

I Love my maithili language & I miss so much my birth place.

Thanks

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manoj kumar

September 27th, 2012 at 9:37 am
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19

mithilavashi, mithila se bahar ja mithila ke bisari jai chhathi.

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Vinodanand Jha

February 20th, 2014 at 2:34 pm
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20

bahut neek prayas. ham bahut din sa Swargiya Harimohan Jhajik Pranamya Devata taki rahal chhi. Ki ekra upload kail ja sakaichh.

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