Mithila Folk Song

Posted on: Thursday, Dec 30, 2010

The Classification:
The most important and common type of lyrical folk songs in Maithili is Tirhuti.It represents the most popular and successful indigenous lyrical expression of Tirhut and is the richest of all classes of Maithili songs.All aspects of love affairs are unfolded therein.They sing of separation as well as of union.The Tirhuti has following classifications:

(I)Batagamani–It portrays the nayika(heroine) in abhisar, when she goes to meet her lover.It is sung out in a melody.Most of the songs are attributed to have been written by Vidyapati.
(II)Goalari–It depicts the sports and youthful pranks of Krishna in the companies of Gopis of which poet Nandipati is most successful.
(III)Raas–It deals with Krishna’ssportive lilas with Gopis.The most important writer of Ras is Sahebram Das.The influence of Brajabhasa is conspicuously perceptiblein such songs.
(IV)Maana–It represents a sort of dramatic lyric depicting the annoyance of the beloved and the request of the lovers to mend matters .Umapati is the best writer of Maana. Other important songs are Samadauni,Lagani,Chaitabara,Malara,Yoga,Uchiti,
Sohara,Choumasa and devotional songs like Nachari,Maheshvani,Gosaunik geet and Visnupada.

(I)Samadauni:-On the occasion of the Navaratri,it is sung to bid adieu to goddess Durga.It is sung to bid farewell to ones own daughter when she goes to her husband’s house after marriage.All important functions end with the singing of this song,popularly known as Bidai song.Gananath Jha and Vindhyanath Jha have made important contributions in this field.
(II)Lagani:–It is sung by village women folk in the early hours of morning while grinding grains.The classical type of Lagani embodies 4-5 stanzas.Gananath Jha has used it as a medium of fine poetry.
(III)Chaitabar–It represents a class of foik poetry and conveys emotions of love in the month of Chaitra.(March-April) It is also known as Chaiti.
(IV)Malara–It is a seasonal song,sung generally in the dry and rainy seasons,having a distinct raga.
(V)Yoga–It is sung to bind the bridegroom and thebride,even lover beloved,by divine incantations
(VI)Uchiti–It is sung to convey the courtsey of the host to the distinguished visitor.The Yoga and Uchiti are the two peculiar classes of Maithili songs.These two songs have both literary and folk types.The Yoga songs can be traced back to the days of Vidyapati. Sohara,Barahmasa and Choumasa are the familiar types of all vernacular poetry and are found in almost all the languages of Bihar.
Sohar represents the birth songs. Barahmasa represents the state of separation during the course of twelve months;
Choumasa during the course of four months.These have both literary and folk forms.In Mithila,the ordinary people have to eke out their livlihood with great difficulty and as such long separation from the near and dear ones is a common feature.These songs are the products of such separation and various poets ,now unknown ,composed or contributed to the development of these songs.
Nachari indicates songs representing direct prayer to Siva. Mahesvani is a song about Siva. Nachari and Mahesvani are often confused and kept in common parlance but the difference between the two is real and marked.Nachari refers to the estatic dance of Siva whereas Mahesvani is sung in praise of Siva and is addressed to Manain (Menaka, the mother of Gouri).It represents the life of Siva and more specially his marriage.Vidyapati,Lalkavi,Kanharam Das,Chanda Jha and others have composed some of the best Nacharis and Mahesvanis.
The Gosaunik geet is sung in praise of Shakti and the people have been composing such songs since the days of Vidyapatis.
(Coutesy–Mithila in The Age of Vidyapati by R.K.Choudhary Pp.418-419) Festival of Songs This is the season of festivals in Mithila. After Durga puja this is the festivals of lights – Diwali then Bhratri dwitia, Chitragupta Puja (dawat puja), Godhan (Sukrati), Nav anna, Deo Uthaan and the great legend of Sama Chakeva and Chugla is ‘played’ by the women and then Chhath, when the sun god is worshipped and is asked to remove all the miseries in life. They remain standing in rivers and ponds, half submerged in water, from the wee hours and wait for Sun to rise, they offer him sweets, sugar cane, beet roots, sweet roots, citrus fruits, banana, milk etc. During this time seasonal folk songs are sung by the women folk of the sweet memory of their father’s house i.e. their Naihar, their benevolent and kind brothers who posses all good qualities in the world. This is the time when Sun is worshipped. They observe fast and ask from Sun to fulfill their desire to have son, good health, for their husband, brother and every one in the family & self. Then there is festival of Godhan -the welfare of cattle and those who rear cattle.Some samples of Folk songs :Chhath:
(1)
Angana mein pokhri khunayal, chathi maiyya aeithin aye
dooara par tamua tanayal, chathi maiyya aeithin aye
anchra sa galia baharab, chathi maiyya aeithin aye
kerva aanab daala bheri tei par piayari oodhayab, chathi maiyya aeithin aye
hathia par kalsa baisayab, tei par diya dharayab, chathi maiyya aeithin aye(2)
Kanchahi baans ker gahabar hey, aahey sobaran lagal kebaar
tahi ma sa nikuli surujmani hey, aahey kon dai ukham dolaoo
aragha ker ber bhel hey.
biheney key pahar ma domin bitiya hey
bitiya dhaniya dauriya ley aau
aragha ker ber bhel hey.
beti piayar supvaa ley aau
purab ranthi thar bhel hey.
bihaney ke pahar me baniayan bitiya hey,
baniayain navka kasailiya lai aau
aragha ker ber bhel hey.
bihaney key pahar mey tohi maalin bitiya ,
maalin satranga haar ley aau:
aragha ker ber bhel hey.
bihaney key pahar mey tohi babhan bhaiyya hey
baabhaan piayari janeuua ley aau
aragha ker ber bhel hey.
Sama Chakeva:
SAMA SONGS: S
ama songs are very popular among the Young girls of Mithila.It is an interesting festival and it begins on the seventh day of the bright half of Kartik(November) and ends on Kartik Purnima.These songs describe the pathetic story of Sama.Its origin has been traced to the Padma and the
Skanda Puranas.One mischievous Shudra made a false charge of Sama’s illicit connection with an ascetic to her father Krishna.Krishna grew furious and cursed her to become a Sama bird.With the help of her brotherSamba she was emancipated on the day of Kartik Purnima.Saptarshi and Vrindaban attested her virtue.Sama’s husband was Charuvaktra or Chakeva. The festival is celebrated throughout Mithila with great gusto.Clay toys are made on the occasion and characters are represented by them.The last day is the saddest day when Sama is believed to have left the life of a bird and sent honourably to her husband’s home.These songs ridicule the slanderer and praise the brother. This is a very interesting game,where plenty of songs and actions are exhibited. Here are a few songs showing sentiments,emotions and plenty of memories of the chidhood spent at father’s house.
(Courtesy-A Survey of Maithili Literature–R.K.Choudhary.)
(1)
Koney bhaiyya aanthin aaler jhaler, koney bhaiyya aanthin pator
koney bhaiyya aanthin sankha churi, koney bhaiyya aanthin sindoor
koney bahino pinhthin aaler jhaler koney bahino pinhthin pator
koney bahina pinhthin sankha churi koney biahino pinhthin sindoor
badka bhaiya aanhthin aaler jhaaler majhla bhaiyya aanhthin pator
sainjhla bhaiyya aanhthin sankha churi chhotka bhaiyya aanhthin sindoor
badki bahino pinhthin aaler jhaler manjhli bahino pinhthin pator
sainjhli bahino pinhthin sankha churi chhotki bahino pinhthin sindoor
(2)
Gaam key adhikaari tohen majhlaa bhaiyya ho
bhaiyya haath das pokhri khunai deho
champa phul lagai deho hey
phulwa lorhei ta bahini ghami geli hey
aahey gham gelani sir key sindoor naina ker kajar ghamali hey
chhatwa lana doudal ailkhin badka bhiyya hey
baiso bahino eiho judi chhahari ki hamaro key ashish diyo
kathi bajhayab ban tittir hey
aahey kathi bajhayab raja hans chakeva
jaaley bajhayeb bahino tittir hey
aahey raub sa bajhayeb raja hans chakeva
khel karu hey bahino khel karu hey
bhaiyya jhatayal phool bahino haar guthu hey
aahey seho haar pinhthin bhaujo
bahino khel karu hey
(3)
Chanan birhich tar thath bheli bahino sey falna bahino
taakathi bahino bhai ke batiya
ehi baat aauta bhayya sey falna bhaiyyahey
dekhi lebinh bhari aankhiya
bahinya pasaari janu kanhak hey falna bahino
fatat bahino bhai key chatiya
(4)
Chaur, chaur, chaur
hamra bhaiyya kothi chaur.
chhaur chhaur chhaur
chugla ghar mein chhaur
chugla karey chugli
bilayyia karey meow
chugla key jeebh ham
nonch noonch khaun
(5)
Brindaban ma aagi laagey
koi na mijhaavey hey
hamar bhaiyya falna bhaiyaa
daud daud mijhave hey
(6)
Sama hey chakeva hey
nahiraa nai bisraiha hey
sasura ma puja pai ha hey
koral khet mei rahi ha hey
jotal khet mei rahi ha hey
rangei rang patiya oochhabhi ha hey
dhepa forhi forhi khai ha hey
os pibi pibi rahi ha heyhamar bhai ka aasis diha hey
aagila saal pher aaiha hey

About Mithila

Mithila is an ancient cultural region of South Nepal and North India lying between the lower ranges of the Himalayas and the Ganges River. The Nepal border cuts across the top fringe of this region. The Gandak and Kosi Rivers are rough western and eastern boundaries of Mithila. The Ramayana records a dynastic marriage between Prince Rama of Ayodhya and Sita, the daughter of Raja Janak of Mithila. The town of Janakpur, in the northern Nepali section of Mithila, is believed to be Janak's old capital.




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Asish

February 2nd, 2011 at 9:21 am
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1

Sarbapratham e website bana ka aaha sab mithil k lail jagha deliyay taike lel bahut dhanyabad.

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abhinav

February 8th, 2011 at 3:41 pm
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2

bahot bahut dhanyabad,lekin swargiya dactor chandeshwar jha k mithila sangeet me yogdan k charcha nahi kene chi

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Shailendra Jha

February 17th, 2011 at 4:56 am
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3

Hamra aapna aap ke bahut khushi bhetait achhi jakhan apan riti riwaj aur niyam ke tulna kunu dosar ke riti riwaj aur niyam s karait chhi hamra sawabhiman achhi je Hum mithile maa ke santan chhi
Shailendra Jha-Singion

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MINTOOKUMAR JHA

February 23rd, 2011 at 6:36 am
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4

Jakhan Jakhan hum kono maithil ka dekhe chhiye. Hamara man mein haiye je hum kiya nai kichh kar rahal chhiye apan mithila ka liye or bihar ka liye.

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ROSHAN JHA

March 6th, 2011 at 1:02 am
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5

JAI MITHILA JAI MAITHILI

HAM ROSHAN JHA ANHA SAB KE ABHINANDAN KARAIT CHHI…..

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Dinesh Mishra

July 23rd, 2011 at 7:04 am
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6

Naya site ke lel bahut bahut dhanyabad. Badd khushi lagal je Maithili aa Mithilak Vikas ke kram me apne lokani barabar yogdan d rahal chi. Ehina lagal rahu aa ek dosar ke sampark sutra me bandhbak prayas karait rahu. Ekber punah dhanybad.

Dinesh Mishra (Stage aa Film Artist)

Kolkata

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abhilash

July 27th, 2011 at 8:27 am
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7

bahut nik chij , aa yahi site ka lele dhanyabad
maithili songs download

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sanjay kur thakur

August 1st, 2012 at 9:59 am
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8

our language is very sweet but some high person avoid the own mother languge,personly my request to this type person must speek maithili

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jaykishor mandal

February 8th, 2013 at 7:34 am
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9

babp apne larki ke topha kaydetah?

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sanjay sudhanshu

February 23rd, 2013 at 5:38 pm
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10

must be maintain our cluture,we r failure in media….bustup

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satyender jha

October 20th, 2013 at 4:21 am
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11

very good for all mithila basi

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ram

December 12th, 2013 at 4:43 pm
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12

fine

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